Animism is belief that spirits lie behind natural forces. Why did the tile fall of the roof? The wind spirit made the wind make it fall. That we know is superstitious, but the Azande still go for it and also for the germ spirit now.
We know that is superstitious, because we realize that winds don’t depend on spirits but instead on other natural forces of Nature. Yet, the superstitious see the pareidolias of teleology and design when only teleonomy and patterns are at work. That,too, is superstition.
Richard Swinburne and William Lane Craig affirm that Nature requires a pesonal explanation in the form of God. Alexander Smoltczyk, German journalist, prattles that He is neither a principle nor a personal being nor an entity but instead the Ultimate Explanation [Primary Cause], yet not being the latter two, He would not be able to instantiate Himself as that explanation. Apologists thus disagree about Him as a personal being.
Craig maintains that it was possible for other events to take place, but because the Cosmos is as it is, ti’s God who decides amongst possiblities what happens. No, teleonomy proceeds by actions happening permitting still others as science so notes. No divine intent led to the demise of the dinosaurs that led to small primates evolving to be us nor for the flowering plants and the warming-off period that helped give rise to us. Necessity and chance rule.
Keith Parsons notes :” Occult power willed by a transcendent being in an inscrutable manner for unfathomable purposes does not seem to be any sort of a good answer.” How does He use His intent? By the magic of let it be? Supernaturalists just assume that they can just define Him with certain attributes, then perforce He can be omni-God. Without any empirical basis, that is just gasconade,bluster!
Thus theism is just the superstition of reduced animism. Theists themselves make the genetic argument against their other arguments in that they use the unsubstantiated arguments from happiness-purpose and from angst so that we rationalists/naturalists can indeed make our genetic ones! Thus, Hume, Feuerbach, Freud and others are right about how theism arises without denying with that argumentation eviscerates theists’ arguments and thus, do not make the genetic argument!
That personal explanation is no more than the pareidolias of divine intent and design instead of the reality of teleonomy-no intent- and patterns for reduced animism!
What might you add to this commentary? Any dissent?
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